Dietary disorders include a variety of illnesses characterized by psychological and social unacceptable behavior associated with diet and body weight. However, these disorders are far more than limiting calorie intake or daily exercise. They represent extremes in eating habits such as, for example, a variety of rigorous children that over time become more restrictive. The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
What is anorexia?
People suffering from anorexia often feel intense fear of being overweight or they think they are overweight even when that is not the case. When assessing their own appearance, they have a distorted picture of their body weight or shape. As a result, they fail to maintain normal body weight, therefore they decide to restrict food intake, starvation or excessive exercise. In such cases, a small amount of food becomes obsessed, so caloric intake is limited to a minimum.
What is bulimia?
Bulimia is a diet disorder that is largely similar to anorexia. The difference is that people who suffer from anorexia are starved, while bulimia consume large amounts of food at once and usually in secret. They feel helpless and can not stop eating until it overwraps, followed by usually vomiting or using cleaning agents to prevent weight gain. These steps can be exhausting both physically and emotionally, and can also lead to the emergence of compulsive behavior.
To diagnose, overcome, and inappropriate compensatory behavior must be present, on average, at least twice a week for a period of three months.
These eating disorders include unhealthy eating habits that begin gradually, and then develop until the person can no longer be controlled.
Sometimes people with anorexia or bulimia initially are just trying to lose weight, but limiting calorie intake, overdosing and then vomiting or excessive exercise over time become a form that can turn into compulsive behavior. Although anorexia and bulimia are very similar to eating disorders, people with anorexia are often ill-treated, while bulimia sufferers may be normal and even overweight.
How to recognize anorexia?
Anorexia is sometimes difficult to detect because weight loss can have multiple causes and can also be practiced in a healthy way.
However, there are several signs indicating that a person may have this eating disorder:
- Malnutrition and sudden weight loss
- Obesity with food and body weight control
- Frequent checking of body weights by weighing, sometimes and several times
- Compulsive control of nutritional and caloric value of foods
- Avoiding certain foods such as meat, wheat, etc.
- Excessive Exercise
- Exaggerating overweight, even when that is not the case
- Withdrawal from social activities, especially those involving food
- Frequent depression and feeling of lethargy (lack of energy) and sensitivity to cold
- Consuming large quantities of water before going to the doctor to gain weight
How to recognize bulimia?
Since bulimia sufferers can be normal or even overweight, this eating disorder is much harder to detect.
People suffering from bulimia:
- They have intense fear of being overweight
- They are extremely dissatisfied with the weight and shape of their body
- Often invented reasons to go to the bathroom immediately after meals
- They consume only low-calorie foods (except during overcooking)
- They regularly buy laxatives or diuretics
- They spend most of their time exercising or trying to spend calories
- It is withdrawn from social activities, especially those that involve food